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Emergency Flood Response

Summary of State and Federal Farm Assistance Available in Response to the Ongoing State of Emergency

March 8, 2019

The following programs are permanent programs offered through the USDA Farm Service Agency (FSA). These programs not require any disaster declarations, but are subject to funding availability. Visit your local FSA office for more information and eligibility.

NAP (Non-insured Crop Assistance Program) - Based on coverage level purchased by the producer. There are likely minimal crops affected, but could include strawberries, grapes, fruit trees and small acreages of winter seeded broccoli, cauliflower and cabbage.

ELAP (Emergency Livestock Assistance Program) - Provides assistance for livestock losses; feed and grazing losses. Must have proof of beginning and ending inventory.

LIP (Livestock Indemnity Program) - Owners must have legally owned the livestock on the day the livestock died and/or were injured. Livestock must have died in excess of normal mortality as a direct result of an eligible loss condition. Livestock must be maintained for commercial use as part of a farming operation. Must have proof of beginning and ending inventory.

TAP (Tree Assistance Program) - Must have suffered more than a 15 percent loss in a stand (adjusted for normal mortality) due to an eligible disaster.

ECP (Emergency Conservation Program) - Provides emergency cost share and technical assistance to farmers and ranchers to rehabilitate farmland damaged by natural disasters. Up to 75% of the cost to implement approved restoration practices, up to 90% if limited resource producer; and $200K max per person or legal entity per disaster. Includes farmland debris removal, grading, restoring fences and conservation structures.

EFRP (Emergency Forest Restoration Program) - Provides payments to eligible owners of nonindustrial private forest land to carry out emergency measures to restore land damaged by a natural disaster. Up to 75% of the cost to implement approved restoration practices; and $500k max.  


Currently available through the USDA Natural Resource Conservation Service (NRCS):

Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) - While not an emergency response program, EQIP can play a vital role in assisting producers recovering from natural disasters like floods and drought. Producers must have a conservation plan. Financial and technical assistance to repair and prevent excessive soil erosion caused or impacted by natural disasters. Assistance subject to state needs assessment and program chief approval.

Emergency Watershed Protection Program (EWP) - Requires a local sponsor or legal subdivision of the state capable of providing partial funding. Financial and technical assistance for debris removal, road culverts and bridges, streambank stabilization, exposed or damaged utilities in streams.


Farm Assistance provided as a result of a Secretarial Agricultural Disaster Designation:

Producers in counties that experience a 30% loss or more in any one crop can qualify for low-interest Emergency Loans through USDA-FSA. Loss Assessment Reports (LARs) are submitted by FSA County Emergency Boards for review by USDA. To date, 24 Tennessee counties have submitted or are in the process of submitting LARs. More are expected to submit LARs in the coming weeks as damages are fully realized after flood waters recede. Designation requests can be made within 3 months of a disaster.

Proposed State Farm Assistance for the Restoration of Pasture and Hay Lands:

The Tennessee Department of Agriculture (TDA) Land and Water Stewardship Program manages the Agricultural Resources Conservation Fund (ARCF) for the purpose of assisting landowners with conservation practices to reduce soil erosion and improve water quality. The ARCF provides flexibility for the department to target funding to counties hardest hit by flooding and excessive rain for forage planting, fencing, streambank stabilization and debris removal. Funding will be tailored to meet the needs of affected farms as damage assessments are made in the coming weeks and months.