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Southern Pine Beetle Cost Share for Landowners

Southern Pine Beetle 1

Southern Pine Beetle Initiative

The Southern Pine Beetle Initiative (SPBI) was developed to encourage landowners to proactively manage their pine forest stands and make them more resilient to beetle infestations. Funds are provided by the USDA Forest Service and administered by the Tennessee Department of Agriculture Division of Forestry (TDF).

 

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SUMMARY

Southern pine beetle (SPB) epidemics drastically change the distribution of pine forest types on Tennessee’s landscape, interfere with the economic value of the resource, and negatively impact watersheds and wildlife habitat. The most recent outbreak of SPB began in 1998 in east Tennessee and continued through 2001 in Southwest Tennessee. The majority of the estimated 350,000 impacted acres occurred on private family-owned woodlands. The value of pine trees killed was estimated to be $358 million.

The Southern Pine Beetle Initiative (SPBI) was created in August of 2001 to encourage landowners to reduce the vulnerability of existing and newly established pine stands to beetle infestations. This is done by providing financial assistance (cost share) to encourage stand establishment practices and intermediate treatments known to suppress or reduce the chances of beetle attack. Cost share practices also encourage active management of pine woodlands statewide and restoration of shortleaf pine to the Tennessee landscape.

Cost share sign-up period is between May 1 to May 31 each year. Interested landowners should contact their local Area Forester to determine eligibility and complete the planning process in advance of the sign- up period.


COST SHARE FOR LANDOWNERS – SPBI Hazard Reduction Cost Share: Re-establishing Stands

SPBI Hazard Reduction Cost Share is an incentive for landowners to re-establish stands harvested or killed by SPB. Eligible practices include site preparation and planting of seedlings at wider spacings that reduce over-crowding and yield heathier forests. The cost share amount is based on the components required by the forester and the corresponding rates and maximums found below. Maximum cost share for all SPBI practices combined is $15,000 per landowner per year.

COMPONENT DESCRIPTION
COST SHARE RATE
MAXIMUM PER UNIT
SITE PREPARATION (prior to planting thru June after planting)
Chemical and/or mechanical control of vegetation; higher
maximum is only eligible where needed for stand establishment;
stump removal and smoothing operations are not eligible.
50%
$50.00 per acre - woody control
50%
$35.00 per acre - herbaceous control
50%
$100.00 per acre – woody control (chemical/mechanical)
Prescribed burning site preparation for control of competition;
for natural regeneration of shortleaf pine or desirable species;
cost share not available for non-silvicultural purposes
50%
$21.00 per acre - prescribed burning
Site preparation for natural regeneration of hardwoods
50%
$55.00 per acre - natural regeneration
PINE REFORESTATION
Planting pine on applicable cutover timberlands
50%
$50.00 per acre - loblolly pine
50%
$55.00 per acre - shortleaf pine
50%
$65.00 per acre - white pine
50%
$35.00 per acre - planting pine (labor only)

SPBI RISK REDUCTION COST SHARE:  Improving an Existing Stand

SPBI Risk Reduction Cost Share is an incentive for landowners to improve existing pine stands or suppress SPB infestations. Eligible practices include pine release from competition, precommercial thinning, and suppression of active SPB spots. The cost share amount is based on the components required by the forester and the corresponding rates and maximums found below. Maximum cost share for all SPBI practices is $15,000 per landowner per year.

COMPONENT DESCRIPTION
COST SHARE RATE
MAXIMUM PER UNIT
COMPETITION  CONTROL  IN  PINE STANDS
Chemical and/or mechanical release of 1 to 10 year old pine
stands, planted at densities of 300 to 600 trees per acre
50%
$50.00 per acre - woody vegetation control
Chemical and/or mechanical release of 1 to 10 year old pine
stands, planted at densities of 300 to 600 trees per acre
50%
$35.00 per acre – herbaceous control
Prescribed burning for release of pine trees with fire resistant
bark thickness
50%
$21.00 per acre - prescribed burning
THINNING  PINE STANDS
Pre-commercial thinning of stressed and overstocked pine stands
where initial stocking of planted seedlings was 300 and 600 per acre
50%
$55.00 per acre - non-commercial thinning
PINE  BEETLE SUPPRESSION
Suppression of active southern pine beetle (SPB) spots and
adjacent buffer strips
50%
>Priority Practice<
$250 per acre - Southern Pine Beetle Suppression

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Eligibility

Eligible landowners include private individuals, joint owners, corporations (except wood using industries) without publicly traded stock, and non-profit organizations. Ineligible lands include lands controlled by federal, state, and local governments, wood using industries or entities deriving more than 50% of their gross income from wood using industries, corporations with publicly traded stock, public utility companies, and commercial campgrounds, hunting reserves, and recreation areas.

Eligible stands include pine stands harvested, infested, or killed by Southern Pine Beetle (SPB), pine stands needing SPB suppression, thinning, existing stands of seedlings needing release, and existing stands of seedlings needing replanting.  Pine stands are defined as having more than 50% of their basal area in pine prior to SPB attack.

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