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Sandhill Crane

Sandhill Crane Festival

 

Welcome to the Virtual Celebration of Cranes!

Schedule of Events

The 2021 Tennessee Sandhill Crane Festival has been canceled. We are planning some fantastic online events. Join us for a CELEBRATION OF CRANES!

January 11-16 -  Interviews with all our partners! Each day on Facebook, we’ll post a brief interview with some of the folks that make this festival successful. Meet the manager of the Hiwassee, Visit with Miss Nancy and the Cherokee Removal Memorial, Learn birding tips with a longtime volunteer, Charles Murray, AND MORE.

January 11 - The International Crane Foundation Crane Stories - Join educators from the International Crane Foundation as they share stories about cranes from all around the world! This prerecorded program will be a fun, active way for your young Craniacs to learn about cranes and culture.  https://youtu.be/Gh_DO2HSH5s

January 13 -  5:00 Central and 6:00 Eastern  The International Crane Foundation Sandhill Crane Talk with the International Crane Foundation.

Grab your favorite mocktail (or whip up the crane-berry mocktail below) and join Taylor from the International Crane Foundation as she talks about the Sandhill Cranes that we see here in Tennessee. Taylor will also provide us with a special virtual tour of the International Crane Foundation zoo and headquarters in Baraboo, Wisconsin! A period for questions will follow the program. 

This event has limited space. Log in promptly at: 

Phone one-tap: US: +16468769923..82957122826# or +13017158592..82957122826#

Meeting URL: https://savingcranes.zoom.us/j/82957122826?pwd=ZDJxNk9kMEprdWZqdFpBN0FTSWZJUT09&from=addon

Meeting ID: 829 5712 2826
Passcode: 925111
 

Hot Spiced Cranberry Cider

Prep: 15 mins
Cook: 25 mins
Total: 40 mins
Servings: 25
Yield: 25 (4 ounces) servings

Ingredient Checklist

2 quarts apple cider
6 cups cranberry juice
¼ cup packed brown sugar
4 cinnamon sticks
1 ½ teaspoon whole cloves
1 lemon, thinly sliced

Directions

In a large pot, combine apple cider, cranberry juice, brown sugar, cinnamon sticks, cloves, and lemon slices. Bring to a boil, reduce heat, and simmer for 15 to 20 minutes. With a slotted spoon, remove cinnamon, cloves, and lemon slices. Serve hot.

January 14 -  11:00 a.m. Central and 12:00 Eastern - EAT LUNCH WITH THE EAGLES - American Eagle Foundation Eat Lunch with Eagles and More! Each year the American Eagle Foundation joins us. This year we’re joining them! Grab your lunch and log in to see a behind the scene’s tour of their facility. See the birds, learn about the American Eagle Foundation and what it takes to run this amazing foundation. 

This event has limited space. Log in promptly:

Join Zoom Meeting
https://us02web.zoom.us/j/87616369291?pwd=Z2ZBQWdQakZWNjhUQU8zZHRNWTZPUT09

Meeting ID: 876 1636 9291
Passcode: eagles

January 16 -  Cranes at the Hiwassee!  Can’t make it to the refuge or Cherokee Removal Memorial Park? Join us on Facebook and have your morning COFFEE WITH CRANES. We will be coming to you live from the Hiwassee Refuge. Get a warm cup of coffee and enjoy the sounds and sights of the area.  Saturday, January 16 at 8:00 a.m. CENTRAL TIME

 

Partners

Cherokee Removal Memorial-Visit this beautiful place! Not only are the people amazing, but this history should be known and shared.
This park was built as a memorial to the Cherokee Indians who were removed from their homeland and forced on their journey known as "The Trail of Tears". It has a beautiful garden and an overlook of the confluence of the Hiwassee and Tennessee Rivers.

https://www.facebook.com/Cherokee-Removal-Memorial-Park-210935905589406

Birchwood Area Society Improvement Council (BASIC)- This group’s energy is boundless. You all know them for their smiles and good cooking every year at the Birchwood School.

The principal purposes of BASIC are to harness local initiative and energy to envision, design, and carry out programs that unite and strengthen the Birchwood community by employing available resources.
https://www.facebook.com/BirchwoodBASIC

International Crane Foundation-The International Crane Foundation works worldwide to conserve cranes and the ecosystems, watersheds, and flyways on which they depend. You can still support these groups and cranes by learning about cranes and purchasing merchandise.

http://www.savingcranes.org/

American Eagle Foundation- Everyone flocks to the Birchwood School for the AES presentation. We do too! Seeing amazing birds has been a gift over the years. The American Eagle Foundation is a not-for-profit 501(c)(3) organization that has been protecting and preserving the American Bald Eagle and other birds-of-prey for more than 25 years.

http://www.eagles.org/

Tennessee Valley Authority- TVA joins us each year to help educate on the waters and more in this gorgeous area of the state. The drawdown of the water provides habitat for many shorebirds and winter visitors such as the Sandhill Crane.

TVA was built for the people – to improve the quality of life in a seven-state region through the integrated management of the region’s resources.

The mission focuses on three key areas:

• Energy – To provide reliable, affordable electric power throughout the Tennessee Valley.

• Environment – To be a steward of the region’s natural resources.

• Economic Development – To serve as a catalyst for sustainable economic development.

http://www.tva.gov/

Cleveland State Community College, Forestry Wildlife and Fisheries Professor Robert Brewer and Students

This group is invaluable, supporting countless TWRA events and volunteering time to help outdoorsmen and women in our region.

http://www.clevelandstatecc.edu/academics/stem/fwf-emphasis.html

The Wildlife Society Student Chapter Cleveland State https://www.facebook.com/CSCCWildlifeSociety

CAKES BY KAREN

Overhill-The Tennessee Overhill Heritage Association's (TOHA) mission is to promote and preserve the natural and cultural resources of McMinn, Monroe, and Polk counties through cultural tourism. TOHA's cultural tourism program is designed to:

- Increase visitation to the region

- Act as a catalyst for economic development

- Serve as a tool to educate visitors and residents.

- Build local capacity.

- Support preservation efforts.

http://www.tennesseeoverhill.com/

Becky’s Bus Service LLC -Miss Becky has been serving the festival for 30 years. Her services and smile are invaluable.  

(423) 344-9608

https://www.chamberofcommerce.com/united-states/tennessee/ooltewah/catalogs/28570554-beckys-bus-service

 

Performers

2nd Nature has been described as front porch pickin’ meets the great outdoors. This group has supported the festival for years and we’ll miss hearing them live. 2nd Nature is an acoustic music group featuring Don King, Brant Miller, and Dave Woodward. You can hear their music or support them at:

http://www.2ndnaturemusic.com/

Mt. LeConte Jug Band-The Mt. LeConte Jug Band hails from Spring City, Tennessee, on beautiful Watts Bar Lake and is comprised of five friends and neighbors living the dream playing their favorite Grassroots Americana on amplified acoustic string instruments.

Members include Jim Radle (rhythm guitar), Darrell Wallace (lead guitar), Sandy Morgan (bass guitar), Gary Morgan (mandolin), and Chris Hill (6 string banjo, percussion, harp).

They are veterans of the WDVX Blue Plate Special, Tennessee Valley Theatre with Bill Landry of Heartland Series fame, Museum of Appalachia Fall Homecoming, UTC Alumni Events, and various charity fundraisers; as well as BBQ's, Tailgates, Fairs, and Festivals.

Their antics on stage and their varied playlist have made them a popular East Tennessee hometown string band for the last ten years.

https://www.facebook.com/groups/jugband

Tanner Hillis

Tanner has been a favorite on the stage since in first performance three years ago. His soulful, heartfelt singing touches all that hear it.

https://tannerhillis.bandcamp.com

https://www.facebook.com/TannerHillisMusic

 

Resources

Find places to view Sandhill Cranes and more in your area:

http://www.tnbirdingtrail.org/

How to Find the Best Binoculars

 https://www.allaboutbirds.org/news/six-steps-to-choosing-a-pair-of-binoculars-youll-love/

Find Events and Connect:

https://www.allaboutbirds.org/news/

Join Project Feeder Watch!

https://feederwatch.org

The Tennessee Ornithological Society

The Tennessee Ornithological Society was founded in 1915 to promote the enjoyment, scientific study, and conservation of birds and their habitat.

http://www.tnbirds.org/

Find birdwatching groups in your area:

http://www.tnwatchablewildlife.org/birdinglinks.cfm

Just for Kids

The Discover Bird Activity Book is available online…Download a single page or the whole book. http://www.tnwatchablewildlife.org/EducationTools.cfm  

Christmas Bird Count

Local Christmas Bird Count location and contacts can be found at https://www.audubon.org/conservation/join-christmas-bird-count

Other Outdoors Activities

https://tnstateparks.com/activities/birding

North American Sandhill Cranes

Sandhill cranes are the most numerous and wide-ranging of all worldwide crane species with a population exceeding 1 million. There are six distinct migratory populations of sandhill cranes with breeding ranges extending across North America.

Tennessee Sandhill Cranes

The sandhill cranes migrating or wintering in Tennessee make up a large proportion of the Eastern Population.  The Eastern Population of sandhill cranes migrates through and winters in portions of Tennessee and is considered the world’s second-largest sandhill crane population.  Tennessee has wintered an average of over 29,000 cranes over the last five years. 

Two areas serve as primary migration and wintering areas including the Hiwassee Wildlife Refuge where thousands can be seen at one time.  Hop-in Refuge and surrounding lands near the Reelfoot Lake in west Tennessee attract several thousand sandhill cranes as well.   Smaller groups of cranes can be seen scattered across the Tennessee landscape too.

Biology

The Sandhill Crane breeds from western Alaska through the Canadian tundra to the northern United States, with scattered populations in the west, and non-migratory populations in Mississippi and Florida. 

The core breeding range lies in south-central Ontario, Michigan, and Wisconsin extending into adjacent Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, and Quebec.  In recent years this breeding range has expanded east to include several of the New England states, as well as south, including Indiana, Ohio, and Iowa.

It winters in the southern United States and northern Mexico.  During migration, sandhill cranes congregate in large numbers at staging areas of mid-latitude states. 

The Atlantic and Mississippi Flyways are the main migratory routes of the Eastern Population. These cranes winter primarily in Florida and Georgia though recently cranes are wintering further north in Tennessee, Kentucky, Indiana, and even southern Ontario.

This species was nearly decimated in the east by breeding habitat loss and overhunting in the 1800s and is now making a comeback.  Populations have increased over the last 60 years and we may now find over 20,000 cranes in the Hiwassee River area of southeastern Tennessee in winter with thousands seen from the Observation Platform.

There are an estimated minimum 89,000 Sandhill Cranes in the eastern population that passes through and winters in Tennessee.  The Sandhill Crane stands over 4 feet tall, with a wingspan stretching more than 6 feet, making it one of the largest birds found in Tennessee.

Description: This tall, long-necked, and long-legged bird is overall gray, with a large tuft of feathers at the rump.   The top of the head is red, which is actually red skin, and the cheek is a bright white.

Young birds are overall mottled gray and brown, with a non-contrasting feathered head. Males and females look alike with the male somewhat larger. All species of cranes fly with their necks outstretched.

Length: 4 to 5 feet tall
Wingspan: 5 to 6 feet
Weight: 10 to 14 lbs

Voice:  Aldo Leopold, an ecologist and the founder of the science of wildlife management, once wrote about the Sandhill Crane, "When we hear his call, we hear no mere bird.   We hear the trumpet in the orchestra of evolution."   

The call of the Sandhill Crane will carry more than a mile, and can be heard across Tennessee as this majestic bird passes high overhead during migration, or when stopping in the state to spend the winter. 

The call is described as a trumpeting, or bugling, or a resonating, wooden rattle, which can carry long distances.  Mated pairs of cranes engage in "unison calling," where the cranes stand close together, calling in a synchronized and complex duet.   The call of young birds can be easily distinguished and resembles a musical purr.

Similar Species:

  • Whooping Cranes in their first year may be confused with Sandhill Cranes, but usually have some white below, not gray. Adult Whooping Cranes are overall white with black wingtips. Whooping Cranes are rare in Tennessee but are often found in the same fields with Sandhill Cranes.
  • Great Blue Herons are smaller, have no red on the head, and fly with their necks curled against the body instead of straight out. They are generally solitary in winter and usually forage close to water. Sandhill Cranes typically occur in flocks with a few to several thousand individuals in winter.

Habitat: Migrating and wintering Sandhill Cranes are found in wet grasslands, marshes, and grain fields.

Diet: Cranes are omnivorous, eating seeds, berries, cultivated grains, insects, and small mammals from the surface of the ground as well as probing into soil and mud.

Nesting and reproduction: The Sandhill Crane is a long-lived species (20 years or more) and does not successfully breed until 5 to 7 years old, and has one of the lowest reproductive rates of any bird in North America (only one nest in 3 produces a chick that survives to migrate in the fall). An interesting fact is that they mate for life.

Clutch Size: Ranges from 1 to 2 eggs.

Incubation: Males and females incubate the eggs for 29 to 32 days.

Fledging: On average, less than one chick is produced per nest. Young birds forage, roost, and migrate with their parents, usually staying within a few meters of them, for 9 to 10 months.

Status in Tennessee: The Sandhill Crane is an uncommon migrant and locally common winter resident in Tennessee, though numbers appear to be increasing. Fall migration lasts from late October to late December and spring migration is from mid-February through late March.

A few thousand cranes have also been wintering at Hop-In Refuge in Obion County, and over ten thousand on and around the Hiwassee Refuge in Meigs County.

Dynamic map of Sandhill Crane eBird observations in Tennessee

Fun Facts:

  • Sandhill Cranes only started wintering in Tennessee in the 1990s.
  • The only historical observation of Sandhill Cranes during the winter in Tennessee is from an observation reported by John James Audubon in November 1820 of a large flock of cranes in the vicinity of the Shelby/Tipton County line.
  • There are 6 subspecies of Sandhill Cranes in North America. It is the Greater Sandhill Crane, Grus canadensis tabida that migrates through and winters in Tennessee.
  • The oldest known Sandhill Crane was 36 years 7 months old.
  • A Miocene crane fossil, thought to be about ten million years old, was found in Nebraska and is structurally identical to the modern Sandhill crane, making it the oldest known bird species still surviving!

Obsolete English Names: little brown crane, crane

Best places to see in Tennessee: In spring and fall Sandhill Cranes migrate through the state using a corridor that is roughly centered on Pickett and Clay Counties and runs south-southeastwards toward Bradley and Monroe Counties.

Wintering populations can be found at the Hiwassee Refuge in Meigs County, and Hop-in Refuge in Obion County.

Their habit of congregating near the Watchable Wildlife viewing platform at the Hiwassee Refuge from mid-October through February (sometimes into March) provides Tennesseans with one of the most spectacular wildlife watching opportunities in the state.