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2019-20 Tennessee Hunting and Trapping Guide Now Available

Glossy Ibis, Plegadis falcinellus

Glossy Ibis, Plegadis falcinellus.  Photo Credit: Larry Meade
Glossy Ibis, Plegadis falcinellus. Photo Credit: Larry Meade

Sometimes called the more cosmopolitan ibis, the Glossy Ibis, is the most widespread ibis species.  It can be found in South, North and Central America, southern Europe, Africa, Asia, and Australia.  In the US it primarily lives along the Atlantic coast but can also be found in a variety of inland wetlands.  A nomadic wading bird, Glossy Ibis often roost communally at night in large mixed flocks, sometimes a good distance from their feeding wetlands.

Description: The Glossy Ibis’s head, neck, back, and underparts are a rich chestnut-brown. The wings are black with a metallic green sheen, there is a white stripe from the base of the bill to above the eye and the bill, legs, and feet are greenish-brown. In the fall, a dark iris is a key identification marker.

Length: 23 inches

Wingspan: 36 inches

Weight: 1.2 lbs.

Voice: Usually silent but will emit a nasal croak or quacking sound.

Similar Species:

  • White Ibis - only juvenile White Ibis are typically seen in Tennessee and they are all gray or mottled gray and white with a pink bill
  • White-faced Ibis – Reddish legs and lore bordered with white, RED iris, white line around lore and eye.
  • Herons – have straight not curved bills.

Habitat: Wide variety of habitats, shallow lakes, swamps and marshes, ponds, rivers. Floodplains, wet meadows and irrigated agricultural fields.

Diet: Insects, worms, frogs, leeches, small mollusks, mussels, clams, rice, and sorghum

Nesting and reproduction: There are no known records of this species nesting in Tennessee.

Status in Tennessee: The Glossy Ibis is a very uncommon migrant in Tennessee.

Dynamic map of Glossy Ibis eBird observations in Tennessee

Fun Facts:

  • Predators of the Glossy Ibis are Birds of Prey and alligators.
  • Glossy Ibis is capable of short swims but seldom does.

Obsolete English Names: Black Curlew

Sources:

Sibley, D. A. 2000. The Sibley Guide to Birds. A. A. Knopf, New York, NY.

Alsop, F.J, 2001, Birds of North America, DK Publishing, New York, NY

Davis, Jr., William E. and John Kricher. 2000. Glossy Ibis (Plegadis falcinellus), The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; Retrieved from the Birds of North America Online

Peterson, R.T., 2002, Peterson Field Guide to Birds of North America, Houghton Mifflin, New York, New York