Section 106 Review
The New US Courthouse Site: Untold Stories of Urban Life in Nashville
Sept. 25, 2021, through March 6, 2022 @ Nashville Public Library (Downtown/615 Church Street Location)
This exhibition is creative mitigation completed as part of a Section 106 Memorandum of Agreement between the Tennessee Historical Commission, the state agency that is designated as the State Historic Preservation Office, the General Services Administration, and the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, with concurrence by the Metropolitan Historical Commission. Funded by the General Services Administration to mitigate the adverse effect of the new federal courthouse to historic resources in the project area, the exhibit tells the fascinating and diverse stories – many untold until now - of urban life in Nashville from the 1850s through present day. This exhibit is the result of a two-year archaeological and historical investigation at the site of the new Fred D. Thompson Federal Building and US Courthouse in downtown Nashville. The exhibit explores the themes of Sanitation, Archaeology, Civil Rights, Urban Slavery, Immigration, Music Industry, and Commerce and features archaeological artifacts and music industry objects that relate to the site.
Due to COVID-19, our office will be temporarily accepting Section 106 reviews via email. Please send reviews to Section.firstname.lastname@example.org. Please be aware that there may be delays in response due to these unusual circumstances.
As usual, the first step is for the federal agency to determine if there is an undertaking and develop an appropriate APE. At this time, Casey Lee should be contacted by email with any questions.
Currently, our survey office is closed for appointments. In order to assist with your project, here is a current list of properties in the National Register from Tennessee. It includes an address and date the property was listed. National Register files through 2015 continues to be available from the NPS National Register database. Survey data for much of the state is available here. You will not be able to access any other files at this time. A list of information files (current to November 2020) is available for reference purposes only. When the Covid-19 pandemic has ended, the procedure will be to contact the survey staff coordinator Peggy Nickell and make an appointment to search files in the office.
The rest of the Section 106 process continues as usual. The federal agency continues to be responsible for identifying historic resources within the area of potential effect and to determine effects to any historic properties as detailed below.
Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, as amended, requires a federal agency to take into account the effects of its undertakings on properties eligible for, or listed in the National Register of Historic Places. Federal agencies may ask applicants for federal funds, licenses, or permits to assist them in meeting their Section 106 compliance responsibilities. Section 106 review is a consultative process. As the State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO) for Tennessee, the Tennessee Historical Commission (THC) has specific responsibilities throughout the review process. The federal regulations for implementing Section 106 can be found at 36 CFR 800. For detailed guidance, please review the Section 106 Applicant Toolkit.
Because Clayborn Temple in Memphis has several federal grants, it will need to be reviewed under Section 106.
- Initiate Consultation – The federal agency must determine whether the proposed action is an “undertaking” as defined in 36 CFR 800. If the action has no potential to affect historic properties, then it does not qualify as an undertaking and the agency is finished with its Section 106 obligations.
When an action qualifies as an undertaking, the federal agency or its designated representative must submit detailed project documentation to THC office and any additional consulting parties for review and comment. Participants in the Section 106 process may include local governments, federally recognized Native American Tribes, applicants for federal assistance, interested parties, and the public. Please review the THC Section 106 Review and Compliance Checklist for guidance regarding the basic documentation necessary to begin Section 106 Review.
THC Section 106 Review and Compliance staff have 30 days from receipt of a project submission to respond. Subsequent 30 day review periods begin each time additional information is received.
- Identifying Historic Properties – Federal agencies are required to make a reasonable and good faith effort to identify historic properties located within the Area of Potential Effect (APE). The APE is the geographic area of an undertaking that has the potential to cause effects to historic properties, either directly or indirectly. For Section 106 purposes, historic properties are defined as those listed in or eligible for the National Register of Historic Places. Historic properties include such resources as individual buildings, historic districts, bridges, landscapes, and archaeological sites.Identification surveys must be carried out by professionals who meet the Secretary of the Interior’s Professional Qualifications Standards.
- For questions regarding properties listed in or eligible for the National Register, please contact National.Register@tn.gov.
- For assistance identifying, researching, and surveying architectural properties within the undertaking’s APE, please contact Peggy Nickell.
- For archaeological questions and assistance please contact Jennifer Barnett with the Tennessee Division of Archaeology.
- Assess Effects on Historic Properties – If historic properties are identified within the APE, the federal agency must determine if the proposed undertaking will affect those historic properties and whether that effect will be “adverse.” An effect is adverse if the undertaking will alter the characteristics of a property that qualify it for listing in the National Register in such a way that it diminishes that property’s eligibility. Effects may be direct or indirect. Direct effects include changes in the property’s location, design, setting, materials, and integrity. Indirect effects may include visual, audible, or economic changes associated with the proposed undertaking.
Once the federal agency or its designated representative has made an assessment of effects they should submit all relevant documentation to our office with a request for concurrence with their determination. THC will respond either concurring or not concurring with the agency’s effect determination. Consultation can result in one of the following three effect determinations:
- No Historic Properties Affected – Applicable when either there are no historic properties present in the APE or the undertaking will have no effect on a historic property within the APE.
- No Adverse Effect – The undertaking will affect historic properties in the APE, but the effect will not be adverse.
- Adverse Effect – The proposed project will have an adverse effect on historic properties in the APE. The federal agency shall continue consultation to avoid, minimize, or mitigate the adverse effects to historic properties.
- Resolve Adverse Effects –The agency will consult with the THC and other consulting parties to develop alternatives to avoid, minimize, or mitigate the adverse effects of an undertaking on historic properties. If complete avoidance of adverse effects to historic properties is impossible, the agency, THC, and other consulting parties will formalize the steps necessary to minimize, mitigate, or treat the adverse effect in a Memorandum of Agreement.
All reviews must be submitted as a hard copy to:
E. Patrick McIntyre, Jr.
Executive Director and State Historic Preservation Officer
Tennessee Historical Commission
State Historic Preservation Office
2941 Lebanon Pike
Nashville, TN 37214