Welcome to the TN Hazardous Waste Determination Matrix
TN Rule 0400-12-01-.03(1)(b) requires that a person who generates a solid waste must determine if that waste is a hazardous waste. The method to use in making the determination is outlined in that same rule.
This Hazardous Waste Determination Matrix is an assistance tool which will guide you through questions and regulatory citations associated with the determination process.
Waste generators are responsible for the complete and accurate evaluation of generated waste streams. Use/evaluation through the Matrix is not all inclusive and is NOT a substitution for review and evaluation of compliance with all applicable laws and regulations. Hazardous waste determinations can be complex. In order to correctly evaluate a waste stream, generators must be knowledgeable regarding chemical characteristics of the waste, chemicals used in the process, the process generating the waste, point of waste generation, contaminates, and any other situations that could cause the waste to be hazardous as defined by the TN Regulations. A hazardous waste determination must be made at the point of generation before any dilution, mixing, or other alteration of the waste occurs. When a waste must be sampled, generators much ensure that all samples are representative of the waste stream and that appropriate test methods are followed.
(b) Hazardous Waste Determination and recordkeeping [40 CFR 262.11]
A person who generates a solid waste, as defined in subparagraph (1)(b) of Rule 0400-12-01-.02, must make an accurate determination as to whether that waste is a hazardous waste in order to ensure wastes are properly managed according to applicable hazardous waste management regulations. A hazardous waste determination is made using the following steps:
1. The hazardous waste determination for each solid waste must be made at the point of waste generation, before any dilution, mixing, or other alteration of the waste occurs, and at any time in the course of its management that it has, or may have, changed its properties as a result of exposure to the environment or other factors that may change the properties of the waste such that the hazardous waste management regulatory classification of the waste may change.
2. A person must determine whether the solid waste is excluded from regulation under subparagraph (1)(d) of Rule 0400-12-01-.02.
3. If the waste is not excluded under subparagraph (1)(d) of Rule 0400-12-01-.02, the person must then use knowledge of the waste to determine whether the waste meets any of the listing descriptions under paragraph (4) of Rule 0400-12-01-.02. Acceptable knowledge that may be used in making an accurate determination as to whether the waste is listed may include waste origin, composition, the process producing the waste, feedstock, and other reliable and relevant information. If the waste is listed, the person may file a delisting petition under 40 CFR 260.20 and 260.22 to demonstrate to the EPA Administrator that the waste from this particular site or operation is not a hazardous waste.
4. The person then must determine whether the waste exhibits one or more hazardous characteristics as identified in paragraph (3) of Rule 0400-12-01-.02 by following the procedures in subpart (i) or (ii) of this part, or a combination of both.
(i) The person must apply knowledge of the hazard characteristic of the waste in light of the materials or the processes used to generate the waste. Acceptable knowledge may include process knowledge (e.g., information about chemical feedstocks and other inputs to the production process); knowledge of products, by-products, and intermediates produced by the manufacturing process; chemical or physical characterization of wastes; information on the chemical and physical properties of the chemicals used or produced by the process or otherwise contained in the waste; testing that illustrates the properties of the waste; or other reliable and relevant information about the properties of the waste or its constituents. A test other than a test method set forth in paragraph (3) of Rule 0400-12-01-.02, or an equivalent test method approved by the EPA Administrator under 40 CFR 260.21, may be used as part of a person's knowledge to determine whether a solid waste exhibits a characteristic of hazardous waste. However, such tests do not, by themselves, provide definitive results. Persons testing their waste must obtain a representative sample of the waste for the testing, as defined at subparagraph (2)(a) of Rule 0400-12-01-.01.
(ii) When available knowledge is inadequate to make an accurate determination, the person must test the waste according to the applicable methods set forth in paragraph (3) of Rule 0400-12-01-.02 or according to an equivalent method approved by the EPA Administrator under 40 CFR 260.21 and in accordance with the following:
(I) Persons testing their waste must obtain a representative sample of the waste for the testing, as defined at subparagraph (2)(a) of Rule 0400-12-01-.01.
(II) Where a test method is specified in paragraph (3) of Rule 0400-12-01-.02, the results of the regulatory test, when properly performed, are definitive for determining the regulatory status of the waste.
5. If the waste is determined to be hazardous, the generator must refer to Rules 0400-12-01-.02, 0400-12-01-.05, 0400-12-01-.06, 0400-12-01-.09, 0400-12-01-.10, and 0400-12-01-.12 for possible exclusions or restrictions pertaining to management of the specific waste.
6. Recordkeeping for small and large quantity generators. A small or large quantity generator must maintain records supporting its hazardous waste determinations, including records that identify whether a solid waste is a hazardous waste, as defined by subparagraph (1)(c) of Rule 0400-12-01-.02. Records must be maintained for at least three years from the date that the waste was last sent to on-site or off-site treatment, storage, or disposal. These records must comprise the generator's knowledge of the waste and support the generator's determination, as described in parts 3 and 4 of this subparagraph. The records must include, but are not limited to, the following types of information: the results of any tests, sampling, waste analyses, or other determinations made in accordance with this subparagraph; records documenting the tests, sampling, and analytical methods used to demonstrate the validity and relevance of such tests; records consulted in order to determine the process by which the waste was generated, the composition of the waste, and the properties of the waste; and records which explain the knowledge basis for the generator's determination, as described at subpart (4)(i) of this subparagraph. The periods of record retention referred to in this part are extended automatically during the course of any unresolved enforcement action regarding the regulated activity or as requested by the Commissioner.
7. Identifying hazardous waste numbers for small and large quantity generators. If the waste is determined to be hazardous, small quantity generators and large quantity generators must identify all applicable hazardous waste numbers (EPA hazardous waste codes) in paragraphs (3) and (4) of Rule 0400-12-01-.02. Prior to shipping the waste off site, the generator also must mark its containers with all applicable hazardous waste numbers (EPA hazardous waste codes) according to subparagraph (4)(c) of this rule.
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Disclaimer: The information provided by this matrix is not intended to be all inclusive and is subject to change. This matrix is not a substitute for evaluation of compliance in accordance with all applicable laws and regulations. This information is not intended for, nor can it be relied upon, to create any rights, substantive or procedural, enforceable or useable by any party in litigation with the State of Tennessee or its employees. The State of Tennessee and its employees expressly disclaim any liability or responsibility for any loss or damage resulting from their use or for the violation of any law or regulation with which these notes may conflict.