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UPDATED ADVISORY CONCERNING ELECTRONIC CIGARETTES, THE PRACTICE OF “VAPING,” “JUULING” AND USE OF OTHER ELECTRONIC NICOTINE DELIVERY SYSTEMS OR ENDS

Poliomyelitis (Paralytic and Nonparalytic)

Reportable by Providers and laboratories
Poliomyelitis (Paralytic and Nonparalytic)

Infectious agent: Poliovirus

Description of illness:

Polio is a vaccine-preventable illness caused by the poliovirus that has been eliminated from all but a few countries and is targeted for global eradication. The response to poliovirus infection is highly variable. The majority (up to 72%) of all polio infections in children are asymptomatic. Approximately 24% of polio infections present with a nonspecific, brief flu-like illness. A small portion, 1%–5%, present with meningitis; these symptoms will last from 2 to 10 days, followed by complete recovery. Paralysis affects about 1 in 200 persons with poliovirus infection and 2%-10% patients with paralysis die. Many persons with paralytic poliomyelitis recover completely or partially, although they may develop new muscle pain, weakness or paralysis decades later as adults (post-polio syndrome).