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Bobcat

Facts

  • Average litter 2-4 kittens
  • Kittens weigh 10-12 ounces at birth and are born blind and helpless. They will also nurse for about 60 days.
  • The bobcat's claws are retractable.
  • Adult bobcat tracks have an overall round appearance with four round toe pads in both front and rear prints.
  • They are typically quiet but may give high-pitched screams or low growls. During breeding season bobcats become more vocal.
  • Ledges and rock outcroppings are important terrain features in bobcat habitat.
  • Excellent runners, climbers and swimmers.
  • Excellent vision and hearing along with a good sense of smell.
  • Den in hollow logs, caves, brush piles and rock crevices.
  • Females may line den with dry leaves, moss, or grass.
  • Bobcats are territorial and have large home ranges.
  • Most active just after dark and before dawn.
  • Very secretive, solitary and seldom seen by humans.
  • Compared to other wildlife species they rarely cause conflicts with human activities.
  • Not a significant vector of disease.

Physical Characteristics 

  • Average size 24-40 inches long.
  • Average weight 10-40 lbs.
  • Bobcats tail much shorter than that of a domestic cat, tail is about five inches long.
  • The bobcat's hair is short and dense.
  • The back of the bobcat can be colored reddish brown buff to gray.
  • The underbelly is white with black spots; several black bars line the inside of the fore legs. The tail is the same color as the back; several faint dark bands line the tail and become more distinct at the tip. The underside of tail is whitish.

Eating Habits

  • Strictly carnivorous the bobcat prey upon rabbits, rodents, birds and deer
  • Bobcats waste considerable meat and kill more than they can eat.
  • Cache their food: cover kills with leaves and grass for future consumption.