The Public Assistance Program is a partnership of federal, state, and local officials.
The program, which is authorized by the Stafford Act, consists of grants from FEMA to assist state and local governments and certain Private Nonprofit (PNP) entities with the response to and recovery from disasters. TEMA administers the state portion of the program by implementing and monitoring grants awarded by FEMA.
Eligible projects include debris removal, emergency protective measures, and permanent restoration of infrastructure. The federal cost-share is typically 75 percent of eligible costs. The program also encourages protection from future damage by providing assistance for hazard mitigation measures during the recovery process.
To facilitate the processing of Public Assistance Program grants, FEMA has divided disaster-related work into two broad Categories of Work, Emergency Work and Permanent Work. During the federal declaration process, a decision based upon evidence of damage regarding which categories of assistance will be offered. FEMA typically announces approvals of emergency work first and approves permanent work later based upon need.