What is TBI?
Traumatic brain injury, also known as TBI, is an acquired injury to the brain caused by a bump, blow or jolt to the head that disrupts the normal function of the brain. TBI frequently is a result of motor vehicle crashes, sports injuries, falls and assaults.
Injuries as a result of a TBI can cause partial to total impairment or disability. Persons with a brain injury can experience physical, sensory, cognitive or mental issues. Depending on which area of the brain is injured persons may suffer from poor short-term memory and difficulty with organization, concentration and judgment. They may also experience headaches, seizures, and decreased muscular strength and coordination.
Traumatic brain injuries not only affect individuals but can also have lasting effects on families and communities.
· TBI is a major cause of death and disability in the United States.
· Approximately 2.87 million new traumatic brain injuries occur each year in the United States.
· Each year approximately 25,000 Tennesseans sustain a traumatic brain injury.
· Traumatic brain injury is sometimes also called “closed health injury,” “concussions” or “mild TBI.”
· Concussion is the most common type of brain injury.
· Males are twice as likely as females to sustain a TBI.
· In Tennessee, the three leading causes of TBI are falls, motor vehicle accidents and homicide or violent injuries.