Nashoba, on the banks of the Wolf River in West Tennessee, was doomed almost from the beginning. The land, about 2,000 acres, was ill-chosen, mosquito-infested and built on swamp land. Disease and infighting among the pioneers condemned the community, founded in 1826, to failure. When founder Frances Wright returned from a European fund-raising trip in 1829, most of the colonists were gone, except for thirty-one former slaves, who had been purchased and freed specifically for this Utopian experiment. Accepting Wright's offer to take them to black-ruled Haiti, this little group set sail in 1830 for a new life in the young republic.
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