The 150th anniversary of the Civil War offers an extended opportunity for commemorating all aspects of a period that is central to American history. The stories of Southern women in the Civil War are perhaps even more varied than those of the men who served on the front lines. Women of all classes experienced the war in some way, whether through deprivation, loss of loved ones, disintegration of social norms, or, in at least a few hundred documented cases, actual battlefield experience. While the curiosity of women serving on Civil War battlefields has attracted some attention, the women featured here each contributed to the Union or Confederacy in her own unique fashion. This war fought principally on Southern soil brought out the ingenuity and resourcefulness, as well as the observant eye, of the region’s female population. “Women in the Civil War” digital collection showcases female participation in the war, revealing that women experienced the crisis just as actively as their sons, husbands, and fathers.