de Soto’s band traveled through the area that was
to become Tennessee.
last Shawnee had been driven out by Chickasaw and Cherokee
different communities had been established in northeastern
Tennessee – on the Watauga River, the North Holston,
the Nolichucky, and in Carter’s Valley.
||During the winter
and spring three hundred pioneers – black and white
– made the difficult trek to the French Lick, as
the future site of Nashville was then known.
battle at Kings Mountain was a key American victory during
the Revolutionary War. The Tennessee militia played an
important part in this victory.
||The State of Franklin
was formed in part of East Tennessee. This short-lived
State of Franklin passed out of existence in 1788.
Carolina ceded its western land, the Tennessee county,
to the Federal Government. Congress now designated the
area as the Territory of the United States, South of
the River Ohio.
||On June 1, 1796,
Congress approved the admission of Tennessee as the sixteenth
state of the Union.
January 8th, Andrew Jackson and his troops from Tennessee
defeated the British army at the Battle of New Orleans.
||The Chickasaw Treaty
of 1818 extended Tennessee's western boundary to the
Mississippi River, and opened up a rich, new agricultural
area for settlement.
capitol moved to its permanent site in Nashville.
||Andrew Jackson was
elected president of the United States by landslide majorities
in 1828 and 1832
U.S. Army was dispatched to evict the Cherokee and send
them on a woeful trek to Indian Territory - the "Trail
||James K Polk of Maury
County was elected president.
ratified by popular vote its connection to the fledgling
Confederacy, Tennessee became the last state to withdraw
from the Union.
and 51,000 Federal soldiers mustered in from Tennessee
as the Civil War raged throughout the south.
Johnson became president following Lincoln's assassination
||Tennessee was readmitted
to the Union after the state became the third state of
ratify the Fourteenth Amendment.
from across the state met in 1870 to rewrite the Constitution.
Hughes established the Rugby colony.
experimental colony was Ruskin, founded in 1894 by the
famous socialist publicist Julius Wayland.
||The Tennessee Centennial
Exposition was held in Nashville in honor of the state's
one hundredth birthday.
regiments of Tennesseans were mustered into the volunteer
United States Army during the Spanish-American War.
||Around 100,000 of
the state's young men volunteered or were drafted into
the armed services during World War I.
became the 36th state to ratify the Nineteenth Amendment,
giving women the right to vote.
||The celebrated trial
of John T. Scopes, the so-called "Monkey Trial"
took place in Dayton.
Lake was established as a state game and fish preserve,
marking the first step toward the conservation of Tennessee's
||The Tennessee Valley
Authority built its first hydroelectric dams in Tennessee.
||The Great Smoky Mountains
National Park was dedicated by President Franklin Roosevelt.
||During World War
II, over 300,000 Tennesseans served in the armed forces
while others served at home in war related industries.
served in the Korean War.
||The Tennessee State
Library and Archives building was dedicated to the men
and women from Tennessee who served in WWII.
||Students held the
first Nashville sit-in at downtown luncheon counters.
||A. W. Willis, Jr.,
from Memphis, became the first African American representative
elected to the General Assembly in 65 years.
|| Dr. King was assassinated
at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, where he had gone in
support of the strike of the local sanitation workers.
||Tennessean Alex Hailey
won the Nobel Prize for his book Roots.
||General Motors opened
the new Saturn Corporation auto plant in Spring Hill.
||Martha Craig Daughtrey
became the first woman to serve on the Tennessee Supreme
||Albert Gore, Jr.
was elected Vice-President of the United States.
||The University of
Tennessee football team became the national champions,
going undefeated for the season.
Nashville Mayor, Phil Bredesen was elected Governor.