PUBLIC HEALTH ADVISORY CONCERNING FENTANYL AND FENTANYL-LACED SUBSTANCES

Breastfeeding For Providers

What Can Providers Do?

breastfeeding with doctor supervision
Start Discussing Breastfeeding Early in Prenatal Care
 
What you say to expectant mothers and their families can influence their decision whether or not to breastfeed.  The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) recommends 3-step counseling:
  1. Ask the patient open-ended questions and listen​ to her response.
  2. Summarize ​her response in your own words.
  3. Provide education​, based on her concerns.
Some suggested open-ended questions and discussion points:
 
What have you heard about breastfeeding?
  • ​Review the benefits for mom and baby: For babies, breastfeeding lowers the risk of acute illnesses (such as respiratory and ear infections), obesity, and asthma/allergies. For women, breastfeeding lowers the risk of diabetes, heart disease, and some cancers.
What have you heard about how long to breastfeed?
  • ​Discuss the recommendation to exclusively breastfeed for the first 6 months of life, followed by breastfeeding in combination with complementary foods until 1 year of age or longer if mutually desired by the woman and baby.
How does your partner or family feel about breastfeeding?
  • Offer to provide education to a partner or family member who may not be supportive of breastfeeding.
What are your plans for returning to work or school after the baby's birth?
  • Discuss options for expressing milk at work or school and the TN law that employers must accommodate breastfeeding moms at work.
How did feeding go with your older child or children (if applicable)?
  • Congratulate the patient for any previous breastfeeding. Identify any previous challenges and discuss strategies to avoid potential problems.
  • Consider a prenatal consult with a Lactation Professional.
 
Learn about Local Resources that can Support Your Breastfeeding Patients
 
Join Tennessee Initiative for Perinatal Quality Care (TIPQC) 
 
TIPQC seeks to influence health outcomes for mothers and infants in Tennessee by engaging provider- and community-based stakeholders in a perinatal quality collaborative.  The collaborative identifies opportunities to improve birth outcomes through data-driven performance improvement initiatives.  For example, TIPQC's Breastfeeding Promotion: Delivery and Postpartum project focuses on processes that promote and support breastfeeding in the delivery setting.
 
 
Complete a Lactation Course
 
Check Out These Additional Resources
  • American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) - Breastfeeding Resources for Providers
  • TNAAP Pediatric Healthcare Improvement Initiative for Tennessee (PHiiT) - Breastfeeding Sustainment Project.  This project will assist pediatric practices in identifying, implementing, and maintaining process changes regarding breastfeeding support.  
  • American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) - Breastfeeding Toolkit
  • LactMed, a free online database with information on drugs and lactation

What Can Hospitals Do?

Provide and Ensure
  • Breastfeeding education for health clinicians who care for women and children in your facility
  • Access to  lactation professionals (e.g., International Board Certified Lactation Consultants or Certified Lactation Counselors) to your patients
  • Breastfeeding support from delivery through discharge by incorporating the recommendations of UNICEF/WHO’s Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative.
 
Implement Baby-Friendly USA Hospital Initiative 
 
Baby-Friendly hospitals and birthing facilities must adhere to the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding to receive, and retain, a Baby-Friendly designation.  The Ten Steps are evidence-based breastfeeding practices that were developed by a team of global experts. 
  • Around the world, mothers who give birth at Baby-Friendly hospitals and birthing centers are more likely to initiate breastfeeding, exclusively breastfeed, and sustain breastfeeding longer.
  • In the United States, new mothers exposed to at least six of the Ten Steps were 13 times more likely to continue breastfeeding at 6 weeks postpartum when compared to mothers who had not been exposed to any of the Ten Steps during their birthing hospitalization.
  • Additionally, adherence to the Ten Steps decreases racial, ethnic, and socio-cultural disparities in breastfeeding rates in U.S. hospitals.
 Click here to find a list of Baby-Friendly designated hospitals  by state.
 
Check Out These Additional Resources