The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a federal law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability. Title I of the ADA makes it unlawful for any employer to discriminate against a qualified applicant or employee because of a disability in any aspect of employment. The ADA covers employers with 15 or more employees, including state and local governments.Subtitle A of Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act, Pub. L. 101-336, prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability by public entities. Subtitle A protects qualified individuals with disabilities from discrimination on the basis of disability in services, programs or activities of all state and local governments. It extends the prohibition of discrimination in Federally assisted programs established by section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 to all activities of state and local governments, including those that do not receive Federal financial assistance and incorporates specific prohibitions of discrimination on the basis of disability from Titles I, III and V of the Americans with Disabilities Act. This rule, therefore, adopts the general prohibitions of discrimination established under Section 504, as well as the requirements for making programs accessible to individuals with disabilities and for providing equally effective communications. It also sets forth standards for what constitutes discrimination on the basis of mental or physical disability, provides a definition of disability and qualifies an individual with a disability and establishes a complaint mechanism for resolving allegations of discrimination.
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